College Professor

Last Updated:
July 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

Are you interested in the Education industry? Do you enjoy teaching others and sharing your knowledge? Then becoming a College Professor might be the perfect job for you! 

As a College Professor, your main responsibility is to teach students in higher education institutions, such as colleges or universities. You have expertise in a particular field, like Mathematics, Psychology, or History, and you use that knowledge to develop curricula and lesson plans for your classes. You also lead academic discussions, answer student questions, and provide feedback on assignments and exams. 

College Professors often conduct research and publish articles in academic journals to contribute to their field. They also serve on committees and advise students on career paths and educational opportunities. 

To become a College Professor, you typically need a doctoral degree in your field and relevant teaching experience. If you're passionate about education and enjoy sharing knowledge with others, a College Professor job description could be the perfect fit for you!

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Teach classes and coursework within a particular field of study
  • Develop lesson plans and course materials based on syllabus and academic curriculum
  • Grade exams, assignments, and papers to evaluate student performance
  • Hold office hours to assist students with questions and course content
  • Mentor and advise students academically, as well as with career choices
  • Conduct research and publish findings in academic journals and other scholarly outlets
  • Attend faculty meetings and participate in institutional committees
  • Participate in professional development opportunities to stay current in field of study
  • Collaborate with colleagues and academic departments on research initiatives and curriculum development 
  • Provide feedback and assessments to improve the quality of courses and curriculum offered.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a college professor, you need to have a lot of education and experience. Most colleges require a PhD in the subject you're going to teach. This means you have to go to college for a really long time and get really good grades. But that's not all, you also need to have experience in the field that you want to teach, so you can share your knowledge with your students. This usually means you need to have worked in the industry for several years to gain enough experience. So, it takes a lot of hard work and dedication to become a college professor, but if you love teaching and sharing your knowledge, it's a great job.

Salary Range

College Professor salary ranges vary depending on the type of college and the subject being taught. In the United States, according to Glassdoor, the average College Professor salary range is between $60,000 to $120,000 per year, with an average of about $80,000. However, this varies greatly depending on factors such as location, experience and qualifications.

For example, a College Professor in New York City may make significantly more than a professor in a rural area. In the United Kingdom, professors can expect a similar salary range between £38,000 and £66,000 per year according to

Overall, College Professors are well-paid professionals, but salaries can vary depending on many factors. If you're considering a career in education as a professor, it's important to research average salaries for your area of expertise.


  • Glassdoor:,17.htm

Career Outlook

The career outlook for a College Professor in the Education industry over the next 5 years looks promising. The demand for qualified professionals in this field is increasing, and it is projected to grow steadily over the next few years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of postsecondary teachers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations.

The growth in the number of college and university enrollments, coupled with the retirement of many experienced teachers, will create ample job opportunities for aspiring and experienced professors alike. The demand for professors in certain fields, such as healthcare and technology, is expected to be particularly high.

Moreover, the shift towards online platforms and remote learning due to Covid-19 has also created new niches for professors who are experienced in delivering quality education virtually. As universities adapt to this new norm, they are searching for applicants who have experience with online and hybrid teaching methods.

In conclusion, the career outlook for a College Professor seems promising over the next five years. With a growing population of students seeking higher education and the shift towards virtual classrooms, there is an increasing need for qualified professors in this industry.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a college professor do?

A: A college professor teaches and instructs students in their chosen field of expertise, conducts research, and provides guidance and mentorship to their students.

Q: What qualifications do I need to become a college professor?

A: To become a college professor, you typically need an advanced degree in your field of expertise, such as a PhD, and relevant teaching or research experience. 

Q: What subjects do college professors teach?

A: College professors teach a wide range of subjects, including but not limited to: English, math, science, history, business, art, music, and physical education.

Q: How do college professors grade students?

A: College professors grade students based on participation, assignments, quizzes or tests, papers or projects, and any other course or class requirements outlined in their syllabus. 

Q: What other responsibilities do college professors have?

A: College professors are expected to conduct research in their field of expertise, publish scholarly articles, serve on committees, advise students, and stay current with developments and advancements in their field.

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