Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Dermatologist is a medical professional who specializes in managing skin-related issues. Their job responsibilities include diagnosing and treating common skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, eczema, and rosacea, as well as skin cancer. Additionally, they may also perform aesthetic procedures like botox injections, chemical peels, and laser treatments.

Dermatologists typically work in private practices, clinics, and hospitals, consulting with patients on their skin concerns, performing skin exams, and recommending appropriate treatments. They may also work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care for patients with skin disorders.

To become a dermatologist, one typically needs to complete an undergraduate degree, followed by medical school, and a residency training program focused on dermatology. Board certification is also required to practice as a dermatologist.

Overall, a Dermatologist job description involves providing expert care for patients with various skin-related issues, and offering guidance on how to maintain healthy skin.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Diagnose and treat skin diseases and conditions, such as acne, psoriasis, eczema, and skin cancer.
  • Perform skin exams to check for abnormal moles or growths, and provide recommendations for treatment or removal.
  • Prescribe medications, including topical creams or oral antibiotics, to treat dermatological conditions.
  • Provide guidance on skin care and prevention of skin damage, such as the use of sunscreen and protective clothing.
  • Perform procedures such as skin biopsies, cryotherapy, and surgical excisions when necessary.
  • Collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as oncologists and plastic surgeons, to provide comprehensive care for patients.
  • Participate in ongoing research and development of new treatments and therapies for skin conditions.
  • Maintain detailed medical records and documentation of patient care and treatments.
  • Communicate with patients and their families about their dermatological conditions and treatment plans in an empathetic and professional manner.
  • Participate in continuing education and training to stay current on advances in dermatology and healthcare practices.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a dermatologist, you need a lot of education and experience. Dermatology is a special branch of medicine that deals with the health and diseases of the skin, hair, and nails. First, you need to take a four-year college degree in a pre-medical field such as biology, chemistry, or physics. After that, you have to go to medical school for another four years to become a licensed doctor. After medical school, you need to do a one-year internship and then a residency program in dermatology for another three years. During this time, you will learn about skin diseases, treatments, and surgeries. Finally, you need to get licensed to practice dermatology in your state.

Salary Range

Dermatologist salary range in the United States can vary from around $120,000 to $550,000 per year. According to, the median salary for dermatologists in the U.S. is $363,064 as of July 2021, with the range typically falling between $306,077 and $427,836.

In Canada, dermatologists earn an average of C$306,951 ($247,071 USD) per year, according to

Factors that can affect salary range include experience, geographic location, and type of employer. For example, dermatologists working in urban areas tend to earn more than those in rural areas, and those employed in private practice generally earn more than those in academic settings.

Overall, dermatologists are typically highly paid professionals in the healthcare industry due to their specialized knowledge and skills.


Career Outlook

If you want to become a dermatologist, you are in luck. The career outlook for this profession in the healthcare industry over the next five years is expected to grow. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of physicians and surgeons, including dermatologists, is projected to grow 4% from 2019 to 2029. This growth is largely due to the aging population who will need more dermatological care in the coming years.

As more people become interested in skincare, the demand for dermatologists will continue to rise. Dermatologists specialize in treating a wide range of skin conditions, from acne to skin cancer. With more research being done on the importance of maintaining healthy skin, dermatologists will remain an important part of the healthcare industry.

In conclusion, a career as a dermatologist is a promising path in the healthcare industry. The demand for their services is expected to grow in the next five years, providing ample job opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What is a Dermatologist?

A: A Dermatologist is a healthcare professional that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair, and nail conditions.

Q: What does a Dermatologist do?

A: A Dermatologist examines patients' skin, hair, and nails to diagnose and treat conditions such as acne, eczema, skin cancer, psoriasis, and more.

Q: What qualifications does a Dermatologist need?

A: A Dermatologist must complete a Bachelor's degree, medical school, residency in dermatology, and pass licensing exams before practicing. 

Q: How does a Dermatologist treat skin conditions?

A: A Dermatologist may recommend topical or oral medications, laser therapy, or surgical procedures to treat skin conditions.

Q: How often should I see a Dermatologist?

A: It's recommended for adults to have a skin check once a year, especially if you have risk factors like a family history of skin cancer or a history of sunburns. Children should also see a Dermatologist for certain conditions.

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