Astronomy Professor

Last Updated:
July 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

Astronomy Professor job description: An Astronomy Professor is an expert in the field of astronomy who teaches undergraduate and graduate students about the universe. They design and teach courses on astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology, and also conduct research in their field. An Astronomy Professor must be able to break down complex concepts and communicate them clearly to students with varying backgrounds.

In addition to giving lectures, an Astronomy Professor meets with students during office hours, grades assignments and exams, and provides guidance on research projects. They also mentor students who are pursuing careers in astronomy or related fields. An Astronomy Professor may collaborate with other researchers and astronomers, and may also participate in outreach programs to share their knowledge with the general public.

To become an Astronomy Professor, a Ph.D. in astronomy or a related field is generally required. A strong background in physics, mathematics, and computer science is also beneficial. Astronomy Professors usually work in academic environments, including universities and research institutions.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Teach astronomy to students
  • Develop course curriculum and lesson plans
  • Conduct research in astronomy
  • Advise and mentor students
  • Participate in academic meetings and conferences
  • Write and publish scholarly articles and papers
  • Supervise student research projects
  • Grade assignments and exams
  • Stay up-to-date on developments in the field of astronomy.

Experience and Education Requirements

Teaching astronomy as a professor in the education industry requires a lot of knowledge and experience. You'll need to have a doctorate degree in Astronomy or a related field along with several years of experience in research or teaching. Many academic institutions also require a certain amount of published research articles, papers or books on your resume. Being passionate about Astronomy and having excellent communication skills when talking about complicated concepts is a must. Proven academic achievement, expertise in applying astronomical theories, technologies and equipment is also essential. Becoming an Astronomy Professor in education may take several years of dedication, hard work, and perseverance.

Salary Range

An Astronomy Professor is a highly educated individual who teaches astronomy in colleges and universities. If you're wondering about the salary range for an Astronomy Professor, it varies based on experience, education level, and geographical location. In the United States, the average salary range for an Astronomy Professor is $60,000 to $130,000 per year, according to Payscale. However, the salary range can be higher, up to $200,000 or more for those who have decades of experience and have achieved high academic honors. In other countries, such as Canada and the United Kingdom, Astronomy Professors earn salaries ranging from CAD 60,000 to 137,000 and £27,000 to £100,000 per year, respectively. 


  1. Payscale (
  2. Glassdoor (,21.htm)
  3. ZipRecruiter (

Career Outlook

If you're interested in becoming an Astronomy Professor, the good news is that the job outlook for the next five years is stable. The field of astronomy isn't shrinking or growing at a rapid pace, which means that there will likely be consistent demand for Astronomy Professors in the education industry.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of postsecondary teachers (which includes Astronomy Professors) is projected to grow 9% from 2019 to 2029, which is much faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is due to the continued need for colleges and universities to replace retiring faculty and meet growing enrollment demands.

Additionally, Astronomy is a fascinating field that continues to capture the interest of students of all ages. As technology advances, the interest in exploring space and understanding the universe will only increase, which means that Astronomy Professors will remain highly valued educators in the education industry.


Bureau of Labor Statistics - Postsecondary Teachers: 

American Astronomical Society - Education and Public Outreach:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does an Astronomy Professor do?

A: An Astronomy Professor teaches students about astronomy, which involves studying the physical properties, laws, and phenomena of the universe.

Q: What qualifications are needed to become an Astronomy Professor?

A: To become an Astronomy Professor, you typically need a Ph.D. in astronomy or a related field. You should also have experience doing research in the field.

Q: Where do Astronomy Professors work?

A: Astronomy Professors work at colleges and universities where they teach courses and conduct research in astronomy and related fields.

Q: What skills do Astronomy Professors need?

A: Astronomy Professors require strong analytical skills, excellent communication skills, and the ability to work with a team. They must also have a passion for astronomy and teaching.

Q: What is the job outlook for Astronomy Professors?

A: The job outlook for Astronomy Professors is positive, with a projected growth rate of 9% from 2019-2029. However, competition for full-time professor positions can be intense, and many professors work part-time or in temporary positions.

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