Sociology Professor

Last Updated:
September 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Sociology Professor job description involves teaching and researching various aspects of society and human behavior. Their primary role is to educate students about the ways in which society functions, how it affects people's lives, and how people's actions impact society. They teach students about social structures, relationships, culture, and inequality. Sociology Professors are expected to create lesson plans, lecture, lead classroom discussions, evaluate students' work, and mentor students through their educational journey. Additionally, they conduct research to contribute to the body of knowledge in their field and may collaborate with other professionals on social issues such as poverty, racism, and inequality. A Sociology Professor job description also requires strong research, writing, and communication skills as well as a passion for teaching and helping students succeed.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Teach sociology courses to students in a college or university setting
  • Develop course materials, such as syllabi, lesson plans, and assignments
  • Conduct research on sociological topics and present findings to the academic community
  • Advise students on coursework and career paths within the sociology field
  • Participate in academic committees and professional organizations to stay up-to-date on sociology trends and developments
  • Grade student work and provide feedback to help students improve their understanding of sociological concepts
  • Attend academic conferences and events to share research and network with other scholars
  • Write articles and books on sociological topics to contribute to the field and showcase expertise
  • Work with colleagues to coordinate and improve the sociology program at the institution.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a Sociology Professor, you need to have both education and experience in the field. Most universities require a doctoral degree in sociology or a closely related subject for this position. You should have knowledge of all kinds of social structures in the society, as well as the skills to conduct research and analyze data. You also need teaching skills to help students grasp complex concepts and ideas, as well as mentoring skills to guide your students in their career paths. Many universities also require experience in research, publication, and community engagement. A Sociology Professor should have a passion for contributing to the development of their field while also helping their students grow.

Salary Range

A Sociology Professor is a crucial part of the Education industry. The expected salary range for a Sociology Professor in the United States is approximately $43,000 to $140,000 annually. However, the salary range can vary based on factors like experience, education level, and location. In some countries like Canada, the average salary for a Sociology Professor is around CAD 82,000 per year, while in the UK, the salary can range between £33,000 and £60,000 annually.


  1. Payscale - Sociology Professor Salary Range -
  2. Glassdoor - Sociology Professor Salaries in Canada -,6IN3_KO7,25.htm
  3. Prospects - Sociology Lecturer/Professor Salary UK -

Career Outlook

The career outlook for a Sociology Professor in the Education industry seems to be steady. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of postsecondary teachers which includes Sociology Professors is projected to grow by 9% from 2019 to 2029 which is faster than the average for all occupations. This is due to the increasing demand for higher education and the retirement of current faculty members.

However, like most industries, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced many universities to implement budget cuts and hiring freezes which may slow down job growth. Nevertheless, online teaching is becoming more popular, and this can provide new opportunities for Sociology Professors to reach a broader audience.

In conclusion, while there may be some challenges, the overall career outlook for a Sociology Professor seems promising, with potential for job growth and new opportunities in the online teaching space.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What is the main job of a Sociology Professor?

A: A Sociology Professor's main job is to teach students about the social behaviors, norms, and patterns that shape our world, and to conduct research to contribute to the field of Sociology.

Q: Where do Sociology Professors typically work?

A: Sociology Professors usually work at colleges or universities, but they may also work for government organizations, non-profits, or private research institutions.

Q: What kind of education is required to become a Sociology Professor?

A: To become a Sociology Professor, you typically need a PhD in Sociology or a related field, along with several years of experience in research and teaching.

Q: What skills are important for a Sociology Professor to possess?

A: Essential skills for a Sociology Professor include strong research skills, excellent communication skills, the ability to analyze complex social data, and a passion for teaching and mentoring students.

Q: What is the job outlook for Sociology Professors?

A: The job outlook for Sociology Professors is positive, with a projected growth rate of 9% over the next ten years. However, competition for tenure-track positions may be high due to the limited number of available positions.

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