Plastic Surgeon

Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Plastic Surgeon is a medical professional who specializes in the reconstruction and enhancement of different body parts. Their main role is to help patients achieve their desired look through cosmetic procedures such as breast augmentation, liposuction, and nose reshaping. Their work also involves treating burns and injuries and reconstructing features damaged by disease, accidents or birth defects. They evaluate patients, listen to their goals, and offer advice on possible treatments. During surgery, they use a variety of techniques to reshape, remove or add tissue, and improve the function and appearance of body parts. Plastic Surgeons work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as anesthesiologists, nurses and other cosmetic surgeons, to ensure the comfort and safety of their patients. They must have advanced medical training, including years of residency and education, and an excellent understanding of anatomy and physiology.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Plastic surgeons help to improve the appearance and function of various parts of the body through surgical procedures.
  • They perform a wide range of surgeries, including reconstructive surgeries to repair damage caused by injury or disease, cosmetic surgeries to enhance appearance, and corrective surgeries to fix defects or deformities.
  • Plastic surgeons consult with patients to understand their goals and concerns, and then develop custom treatment plans to meet their needs.
  • They perform surgeries using specialized surgical techniques and equipment, and work with a team of healthcare professionals to ensure safe and successful outcomes.
  • Plastic surgeons also provide pre- and post-operative care, monitoring patients closely to ensure that they are healing properly and managing any complications that arise.
  • They must stay up-to-date on the latest surgical techniques and technologies, as well as maintain their certifications and licenses to practice.
  • Plastic surgeons must adhere to strict ethical and professional standards, prioritize patient safety, and maintain patient confidentiality.
  • They may also conduct research, publish articles, and educate others on plastic surgery topics to advance the field and improve patient outcomes.
  • Plastic surgeons must have strong communication and interpersonal skills, as well as excellent decision-making and problem-solving abilities.

Experience and Education Requirements

If you want to become a plastic surgeon, you need both education and experience. First, you have to finish college and medical school. Then, you have to complete a residency in surgery and another in plastic surgery. This usually takes about 6-8 years. 

During your training, you'll learn about anatomy, surgical techniques, and patient care. You'll also get lots of practice doing surgeries under the supervision of experienced surgeons. 

After you finish your training, you'll need to pass exams to become certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. You may also choose to do a fellowship to gain additional experience in a specialized area of plastic surgery. 

Overall, becoming a plastic surgeon requires a lot of hard work and dedication, but the reward is the ability to help patients achieve their desired appearance and increase their self-confidence.

Salary Range

If you're interested in becoming a Plastic Surgeon, you're likely wondering what the expected salary range is for this profession. In the United States, the median annual income for a Plastic Surgeon is about $354,000 according to This can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and specialization within the field. As of 2021, the average salary for a Plastic Surgeon in India is INR 4,303,044 per year according to PayScale. In the United Kingdom, Plastic Surgeons can expect to earn an average of £72,270 to £102,500 per year according to Overall, becoming a Plastic Surgeon can lead to a very lucrative career with high earning potential. 


  • PayScale: 

Career Outlook

Plastic surgeons are medical professionals who specialize in procedures that enhance appearance, repair injuries, and reconstruct body parts. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), plastic surgery is projected to grow by 8% from 2018 to 2028, faster than the average for all occupations. This growth will be driven by the aging population and advancements in technology. As people age, they tend to seek cosmetic surgery, including facial and body contouring, to improve their self-image. Additionally, more patients are opting for minimally invasive surgery, which has less risk and recovery time. Therefore, plastic surgery is a promising career path in the healthcare industry, and the demand for skilled plastic surgeons is likely to remain consistent in the near future.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a plastic surgeon do?

A: A plastic surgeon is a doctor who specializes in repairing and reconstructing physical defects, injuries and abnormalities. They also perform cosmetic procedures to improve a patient's appearance.

Q: What kind of education and training do plastic surgeons need?

A: A plastic surgeon must have a medical degree from an accredited institution and complete a residency program in plastic surgery. This typically takes at least six years of post-graduate training, but some plastic surgeons may undergo additional fellowships or training programs.

Q: What types of procedures do plastic surgeons perform?

A: Plastic surgeons perform a wide range of procedures, including reconstructive surgery to repair deformities caused by cancer treatment, injuries, birth defects, or accidents. They also perform cosmetic procedures such as breast augmentation, rhinoplasty, and liposuction.

Q: What kind of patients do plastic surgeons see?

A: Plastic surgeons see patients of all ages, from newborns born with congenital defects to the elderly seeking restorative procedures. They also treat patients who have experienced traumatic injuries, burns or scarring, and those with medical conditions that require correction.

Q: Is plastic surgery safe?

A: Like any surgery, plastic surgery carries risks, including complications from anesthesia, bleeding, infection, and scarring. However, when performed by a qualified plastic surgeon in a licensed facility, the risk of complications is minimized. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of any procedure with their surgeon beforehand.

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