Professor of Sociology and Criminology

Last Updated:
September 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Professor of Sociology and Criminology is an expert in understanding the social, cultural, and economic factors that contribute to criminal behavior in society. They typically work in the Education Industry, teaching courses at the college or university level. Their job is to research and analyze data related to criminal behavior and social issues, and then teach students how to apply that knowledge in real-world situations.

In their job, Professors of Sociology and Criminology create lesson plans, grade assignments, and hold office hours for students seeking assistance. They may also conduct research or publish articles about their findings in academic journals.

To become a Professor of Sociology and Criminology, you typically need a doctorate in the field and years of experience working in academia or related industries. Excellent communication and critical thinking skills are also essential.

Overall, a Professor of Sociology and Criminology job description encompasses teaching, researching, and analyzing various societal elements that contribute to criminality.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Teach courses on sociology and criminology to undergraduate and graduate students
  • Plan and design lesson plans, class syllabi, and assessment of student progress
  • Conduct research in sociology and criminology and publish findings in academic journals
  • Advise students on academic and career goals, and provide mentorship to individual students 
  • Serve on academic committees, and participate in curriculum development and program reviews 
  • Attend and present research findings at conferences and seminars 
  • Collaborate with other faculty members, community organizations, and government agencies 
  • Stay updated on advancements in the field of sociology and criminology and incorporate new knowledge and technologies into teaching and research 
  • Promote diversity and equity in the classroom and create an inclusive learning environment for all students.

Experience and Education Requirements

If you want to become a professor of Sociology and Criminology, you need a whole lot of education and experience. You'll need a Ph.D. in Sociology or a related field, and that can take upwards of 5-7 years to complete. You'll also need to have some teaching or research experience in the subject. That means working as a teaching assistant or a research assistant at a university or other academic organization. After your education and experience, you may be able to secure a position as a tenure-track professor, which is a highly sought-after job in the education industry. The position requires you to teach students, conduct research, and publish papers in academic journals.

Salary Range

A Professor of Sociology and Criminology in the United States can expect a salary range of $60,000 to $150,000 per year, with an average of $85,000 according to Glassdoor. Salaries vary based on experience, education, institution, and location. For example, professors at Ivy League universities may earn much more than those at smaller public institutions. In other countries, such as the United Kingdom, the expected salary range is £45,000 to £70,000 (approximately $60,000 to $95,000) per year. However, there are various factors that can affect salaries, such as the cost of living in different regions. Overall, a career as a Professor of Sociology and Criminology can be financially rewarding. 


  • Glassdoor's Professor of Sociology and Criminology salary data
  • Payscale's United Kingdom Professor of Sociology and Criminology salary data 
  • Education Required for a Sociology Professor by

Career Outlook

Being a Professor of Sociology and Criminology in the Education industry is an exciting and fulfilling career path. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of postsecondary teachers is projected to grow 9% over the next ten years, which is faster than the average for all occupations. This growth may vary depending on the geographic location, the level of academic degree, and the experience of a professor.

However, the demand for these professors could be affected by budget fluctuations in universities and colleges. In addition, the increasing popularity of online courses and virtual teaching can both open up opportunities and create new challenges for professors. Nevertheless, with the expanding interest in social science topics like criminology and sociology, the future outlook for this field seems promising.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a Professor of Sociology and Criminology do?

A: A Professor of Sociology and Criminology teaches courses on sociological and criminological theories, research methods, and analysis. They also conduct research, publish papers, and mentor students.

Q: What are some specific tasks that a Professor of Sociology and Criminology may perform?

A: They may develop and revise course materials, give lectures, grade assignments, advise students, and participate in departmental meetings and committees. They also conduct research, attend conferences, and publish their findings in academic journals.

Q: What are the qualifications and requirements for becoming a Professor of Sociology and Criminology?

A: Typically, a Ph.D. in Sociology, Criminology, or a related field is required for this position, along with a strong publication record and prior teaching experience. Candidates may also be evaluated based on their research, grant writing ability, and professional contributions to their field.

Q: What skills are necessary for someone who wants to become a Professor of Sociology and Criminology?

A: A strong background in sociological theory and research methods, excellent communication and critical thinking skills, and strong writing and presentation skills are necessary for this job. Additionally, a passion for teaching and working with students is important.

Q: What career prospects are available to someone who wants to work as a Professor of Sociology and Criminology?

A: There are many career opportunities available in academia, including tenure-track positions at colleges and universities, research positions at think tanks, and policy analyst or consultant positions in the government or private sector.

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