Veterinary Technician

Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Veterinary Technician plays a critical role in the Healthcare industry by providing support to veterinarians in animal clinics or hospitals. Their main responsibilities include assisting in surgeries, administering medications, managing lab work and animal samples, performing animal nursing care, and maintaining medical records. Other vital duties include conducting patient assessments, taking vital signs, taking and developing x-rays, and administering anesthesia. In addition, they educate animal owners on preventive healthcare and offer assistance in emergency scenarios.

A Veterinary Technician should have gained knowledge and skills through completing a specialized certification program from an accredited institution plus hands-on training. They must also demonstrate excellent communication skills, compassion, and attention to detail as they interact with both animals and their owners. They must be physically fit as the job can require lifting heavy animals, stand or kneel for extended periods, and work in animal cages or surgical operations. A passion for animals and dedication to improving their wellbeing is critical in this Veterinary Technician job description.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Assist veterinarians in medical procedures and surgeries
  • Administer medication and treatments prescribed by the veterinarian
  • Handle and restrain animals for examinations and procedures
  • Collect and record patient health history and vital signs
  • Educate pet owners on animal care and treatment plans
  • Perform laboratory tests and analyze results
  • Maintain cleanliness and organization of clinic and equipment
  • Respond to emergency situations and provide first aid to animals in distress
  • Properly groom and bathe animals as needed
  • Maintain accurate patient records and communicate with other members of the healthcare team.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a Veterinary Technician in the Healthcare industry, you need a combination of education and experience. This job involves helping veterinarians care for animals in various settings such as animal hospitals, clinics, and shelters. First, you need to get a post-secondary education in veterinary technology from a college or university accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association. This education usually takes about two years and includes both classroom work and hands-on clinical training. After graduation, you'll need to pass the Veterinary Technician National Examination to become licensed. Additionally, gaining some experience working with animals, either through internships or volunteering, can also be helpful in getting hired.

Salary Range

Veterinary Technicians are an integral part of the healthcare industry, assisting veterinarians in diagnosing and treating animals. The expected salary range for this profession in the United States is between $25,000 to $50,000 per year, with an average of $36,000 annually. However, the salary can vary based on the location, experience, and the specific industry the Veterinary Technician is working in. For example, those working in research facilities may earn more than those working in animal shelters. In Canada, the expected salary range for Veterinary Technicians is between C$15 to C$27 per hour. In Australia, the average salary for this profession is AUD$21.50 per hour. 


  • Bureau of Labor Statistics:
  • PayScale:
  • Indeed:

Career Outlook

The career outlook for Veterinary Technicians in the healthcare industry looks promising in the next five years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of veterinary technologists and technicians is projected to grow 16 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. The rising importance of pets in people's lives, coupled with advances in veterinary medicine, is expected to drive job growth.

As a Veterinary Technician, you will work closely with veterinarians and assist in providing medical care to animals. This rewarding career allows you to interact with pets and their owners while contributing to the overall health and well-being of animals.

With the increasing demand for pet care, the Veterinary Technician field is a great choice for those looking to enter the healthcare industry. With a median annual wage of $35,320, this career path is not only emotionally fulfilling but also financially rewarding.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What exactly is a Veterinary Technician? 

A: A skilled veterinary staff member who supports veterinarians through various tasks, such as administering medication, assisting with surgeries, and providing overall medical care for pets.

Q: Do Veterinary Technicians only work with dogs and cats?

A: No, Veterinary Technicians work with all kinds of animals, including exotic pets, farm animals, and zoo animals. Some veterinary technicians specialize in certain species, such as equines, birds, or reptiles.

Q: What are the education and certification requirements to become a Veterinary Technician?

A: Veterinary Technicians must complete a two-year associate degree program accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and pass the Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) to become certified.

Q: What are the daily duties of a Veterinary Technician?

A: Veterinary Technicians assist in surgeries, perform lab tests, administer medication, take X-rays, clean teeth, and educate pet owners on pet care. They also maintain medical records and provide compassionate care to animals.

Q: Is the job of a Veterinary Technician emotionally challenging?

A: Yes, the job of a Veterinary Technician can be emotionally challenging as it involves working with sick and injured animals. The ability to empathize and provide comfort to pets and their owners is an essential part of the job.

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