Medical Laboratory Technologist

Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Medical Laboratory Technologist job description involves conducting lab tests and analyzing samples to provide doctors and other healthcare professionals with crucial information they need to diagnose and treat patients. Medical lab technologists operate cutting-edge lab equipment and instruments to perform various types of tests on blood, urine, tissue, and other bodily fluids. These tests are used to detect diseases, monitor treatment progress, and identify potential health issues. In addition to conducting tests, medical lab technologists also interpret and report test results to physicians and other healthcare practitioners. They must be meticulous and detail-oriented to ensure accuracy and precision in their work. Medical laboratory technologists typically have a bachelor's degree in medical technology or a related field and must be licensed or certified in many states.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Perform laboratory tests on patient specimens to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
  • Maintain and calibrate laboratory equipment to ensure accurate test results
  • Adhere to strict quality control and safety protocols to prevent contamination and errors
  • Analyze test results and communicate findings to healthcare providers for patient care decisions
  • Collect and process blood, urine, and other bodily fluids for testing
  • Maintain accurate records of test results and patient information
  • Participate in continuing education to stay up-to-date with new laboratory technologies and practices
  • Assist in the training and supervision of laboratory personnel and students
  • Collaborate with other healthcare professionals in interdisciplinary teams to provide optimal patient care.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a Medical Laboratory Technologist in healthcare, you'll need special education and experience. You'll need to have at least an associate's degree in medical laboratory technology, or a related field. Many colleges and universities offer these programs. Usually, it takes about two years to complete. You'll also need to get certified by a national organization, like the American Society for Clinical Pathology. To get this certification, you'll need to pass an exam. You'll also need to have experience working in a medical laboratory. This experience may come from internships, clinical rotations, or working in an entry-level position. These are the basics of what you'll need to get started as a Medical Laboratory Technologist in the healthcare industry.

Salary Range

Medical Laboratory Technologist salary range in the United States varies by experience, location, and industry. According to PayScale, the median salary for Medical Laboratory Technologists in the US is $57,000 per year. However, entry-level professionals can expect to earn around $40,000 annually, while those with more experience and advanced skills can earn up to $80,000.

In Canada, the average salary for Medical Laboratory Technologists is CAD 61,553 per year, according to Neuvoo. In the United Kingdom, the salary range is between £24,000 and £40,000 per year, according to


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  • Neuvoo (
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Career Outlook

Medical Laboratory Technologists are an essential part of the healthcare industry. They perform diagnostic tests and analyze body fluids and tissues to aid physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of medical and clinical laboratory technologists is projected to grow 7% from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for these professionals will continue to rise as the aging population requires more healthcare services. The need for medical testing also increases with advances in medical technology and innovation. Medical Laboratory Technologists can expect a steady increase in job opportunities and career growth in the next 5 years.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a Medical Laboratory Technologist do? 

A: A Medical Laboratory Technologist performs laboratory tests and analyzes results for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. 

Q: Where do they work? 

A: They work in hospitals, clinics, research facilities, and public health laboratories. 

Q: What are the educational requirements? 

A: A minimum of a bachelor's degree in medical technology or a related field is required. Some states also require certification or licensure. 

Q: What skills are needed for this job? 

A: Attention to detail, analytical thinking, communication skills, and proficiency with technology are essential skills for this job. 

Q: What is the job outlook for this profession? 

A: The job outlook is positive, with a projected growth of 7% from 2019-2029. There is a high demand for Medical Laboratory Technologists due to an aging population and advances in medical technology.

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