Medical Laboratory Technician

Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

Are you interested in a career in healthcare that combines science, technology, and problem-solving? Then a Medical Laboratory Technician job description may be the right fit for you. Medical Laboratory Technicians perform laboratory tests and analyses on body fluids, tissues, and other substances to diagnose and treat illnesses. They work in hospitals, clinics, and research labs.

As a Medical Laboratory Technician, you'll collect samples and conduct tests using sophisticated equipment and advanced techniques. Your role is critical in identifying abnormalities, interpreting test results, and communicating findings to other healthcare professionals. Accuracy and attention to detail are essential qualities for this job, as well as excellent communication skills and the ability to work as part of a team.

A degree in Medical Laboratory Technology or clinical laboratory science is required, as well as certification from a recognized accrediting agency. With increasing demand for healthcare services, a Medical Laboratory Technician job description offers excellent career opportunities and competitive salaries.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Preparation of medical specimens for testing
  • Operation and maintenance of laboratory equipment
  • Conducting various laboratory tests
  • Analyzing test results and reporting to physicians or other healthcare professionals
  • Maintaining accurate records of test results and other laboratory data
  • Following standard operating procedures and adhering to safety regulations
  • Ordering and stocking laboratory supplies
  • Participating in quality control and assurance programs to ensure accuracy and reliability of test results
  • Communicating with other healthcare professionals regarding patient care and test results

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a Medical Laboratory Technician in the healthcare industry, there are two main requirements: education and experience. Firstly, you need to have a diploma or an associate degree from a recognized program in medical technology or a related field. It usually takes about 1-2 years to complete such a program. 

Secondly, you need to have some practical experience working in a laboratory. This experience can come from internships, on-the-job training, or volunteering. Most employers prefer their Medical Laboratory Technicians to have at least 1-2 years of experience with different laboratory techniques and equipment.

Additionally, it's essential to have some key skills like attention to detail, accuracy, and critical thinking. Good communication and interpersonal skills are also necessary because Medical Laboratory Technicians often work in teams and interact with different people, including doctors, nurses, and patients.

Overall, becoming a Medical Laboratory Technician requires a combination of education and experience, coupled with some important soft skills.

Salary Range

Medical Laboratory Technician salary ranges vary based on location, skills, and experience. In the United States, the expected salary range for a Medical Laboratory Technician ranges from $27,000 to $66,000 per year, with an average of $45,000 per year according to The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports similar figures, with a median annual wage of $54,180 as of May 2020. In Canada, the average salary range for Medical Laboratory Technicians is C$23,000 to C$69,000 per year, according to In the United Kingdom, the salary range is between £16,500 and £33,000 per year, according to


  2. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Career Outlook

The career outlook for Medical Laboratory Technicians is growing steadily in the Healthcare industry, and is expected to remain the same in the upcoming years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of Medical Laboratory Technicians is projected to grow 14 percent from 2019 to 2029, which is much faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is due to the aging population, which increases the demand for diagnostic testing. Furthermore, advances in technology and healthcare are also expected to contribute to the growth of this profession. Medical Laboratory Technicians work in hospitals, clinics, and laboratories, and play a vital role in providing accurate diagnostic results. Overall, Medical Laboratory Technicians have a promising future in the Healthcare industry.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a Medical Laboratory Technician do?

A: A Medical Laboratory Technician collects and analyzes samples of body fluids and tissues to assist doctors in diagnosing and treating diseases.

Q: What kind of samples does a Medical Laboratory Technician test?

A: A Medical Laboratory Technician tests a variety of specimens, such as blood, urine, tissue samples, and other bodily fluids to help diagnose medical conditions.

Q: What skills are needed to be a successful Medical Laboratory Technician?

A: Attention to detail, strong problem-solving skills, excellent manual dexterity, good communication skills, and the ability to follow laboratory safety protocols are all important skills for a Medical Laboratory Technician.

Q: What are the educational requirements to be a Medical Laboratory Technician?

A: A Medical Laboratory Technician typically needs an associate's degree in medical laboratory technology or a related field. They must also be licensed or certified by a national accrediting agency, depending on the state in which they work.

Q: Where do Medical Laboratory Technicians work?

A: Medical Laboratory Technicians work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, research facilities, and diagnostic laboratories. They may also work in industrial or environmental testing settings.

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