Obstetrician and Gynecologist (OBGYN)

Last Updated:
April 27, 2023

Job Description Overview

An Obstetrician and Gynecologist (OBGYN) job description involves providing comprehensive medical care to women. OBGYNs specialize in pregnancy, childbirth, and female reproductive system health. They work with women from adolescence through menopause, providing routine check-ups, preventive health screenings, and reproductive counseling. OBGYNs are also responsible for diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the reproductive system, such as menstrual disorders, infertility, and sexually transmitted infections.

During pregnancy, OBGYNs monitor the health of both mother and baby, perform prenatal exams, and address any complications that arise. They also provide prenatal counseling, childbirth education, and delivery management.

In addition to the medical aspects of their job, OBGYNs also provide emotional support to female patients, which is a crucial component of their care. To become an OBGYN, individuals must complete medical school, specialized residency training, and board certification. If you are interested in a rewarding career that helps women maintain their health, consider becoming an Obstetrician and Gynecologist (OBGYN).

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Provide medical care and treatment to women for issues related to reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care.
  • Perform routine health examinations, including Pap smears and breast exams, to monitor the overall health of patients.
  • Diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections, hormonal imbalances, and pelvic disorders.
  • Educate patients about contraception options and help them make informed decisions about family planning.
  • Monitor fetal development during pregnancy and perform ultrasounds and other diagnostic tests as needed.
  • Provide medical intervention during labor and delivery, including C-sections and other surgical procedures.
  • Evaluate and manage complications that may arise during pregnancy, childbirth, or postpartum recovery.
  • Offer counseling and support for patients dealing with issues such as infertility, menopause, or sexual dysfunction.
  • Collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as nurses, midwives, and pediatricians, to ensure the best possible care for patients.

Experience and Education Requirements

If you want to be an Obstetrician and Gynecologist (OBGYN) in the Healthcare industry, you need to have some education and experience. Usually, you need to have a Bachelor's degree, which takes four years to get, followed by four years of medical school. After that, you need to complete a four-year residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology. You will also need to get a license and pass the board certification exam. During your education and training, you will learn about everything from reproductive health to pregnancy and childbirth. You will also gain experience by working with patients and other healthcare providers. With the right education and experience, you can become an OBGYN and help women with their healthcare needs.

Salary Range

If you're wondering about the Obstetrician and Gynecologist (OBGYN) salary range in the United States, the median annual pay for an OBGYN in the healthcare industry is around $238,320, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, the salary range can vary widely based on level of education, experience, location, and other factors.

For instance, an entry-level OBGYN can expect to earn an average salary of $207,073 in New York City and $199,714 in Los Angeles, according to Salary.com. Meanwhile, OBGYNs with more experience and credentials may make well over $300,000 per year or more.

Outside the U.S, OBGYNs in Canada can expect to earn around CA$262,135, while those in the U.K. earn around £84,759, according to Payscale.com.


  • Bureau of Labor Statistics: Obstetricians and Gynecologists Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • Salary.com: OBGYN Salaries by City in U.S.
  • Payscale.com: OBGYN Salary in Canada and U.K.

Career Outlook

The career outlook for Obstetricians and Gynecologists (OBGYNs) in the healthcare industry is positive and is expected to grow at an average rate over the next 5 years. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of OBGYNs is projected to grow 7% from 2018 to 2028, which is faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is due to an increase in demand for healthcare services, especially for women's healthcare. OBGYNs are responsible for providing prenatal care, delivering babies, and treating gynecological problems, such as reproductive disorders. With an increasing aging population in the U.S. and a growing demand for women's healthcare, OBGYNs will continue to play a crucial role in the healthcare industry in the coming years.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What is an obstetrician and gynecologist (OBGYN)?

A: An OBGYN is a medical doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health, including pregnancy, childbirth, and female reproductive organs.

Q: What does an OBGYN do during a pregnancy?

A: An OBGYN provides prenatal care, monitors fetal development, and delivers babies.

Q: Can an OBGYN perform surgery?

A: Yes, OBGYNs can perform surgeries such as C-sections, hysterectomies, and ovarian cyst removal.

Q: Do OBGYNs only treat women?

A: Yes, OBGYNs only treat those assigned female at birth and those with female reproductive organs.

Q: How long does it take to become an OBGYN?

A: It takes around 12 years to become an OBGYN, including 4 years of medical school and 4 years of residency training in obstetrics and gynecology.

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