Policy Analyst

Public Sector
Last Updated:
September 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

Policy Analysts are professionals who analyze, develop, and implement public policies for the government. They work in the Public Sector industry and are responsible for creating and evaluating policies that benefit the public.

To become a Policy Analyst, one needs a bachelor's degree in public policy, political science, economics, or any other relevant field. An advanced degree is also preferred, such as a master's or doctorate.

Policy Analyst job description involves researching, analyzing data, and identifying trends in policies that impact specific industries, communities, or populations. They work collaboratively with government agencies, stakeholders, and policymakers to draft reports, provide recommendations, and develop new policies.

Policy Analysts must possess excellent communication skills, strong critical thinking abilities, and the ability to work independently and as part of a team.

In summary, Policy Analysts are crucial professionals who provide valuable insights and recommendations for policy development and implementation.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Analyze policies to identify strengths and weaknesses
  • Conduct research to provide evidence-based recommendations for policy improvements
  • Write reports and briefings for policymakers and stakeholders
  • Monitor policy implementation to ensure it aligns with intended outcomes
  • Collaborate with others to develop policy recommendations
  • Evaluate the impacts of policies on society and the economy
  • Stay up-to-date on current events and policies that may affect the organization
  • Communicate policy recommendations and analysis in a clear and concise manner
  • Identify potential risks and challenges associated with implementing policies
  • Provide guidance and support to policymakers in making informed decisions

Experience and Education Requirements

If you want to be a Policy Analyst in the Public Sector, what do you need to do? Education and Experience are both important factors. Let's take a look.

Education-wise, you'll most likely need a Bachelor's degree. But what field should you study in? Public Administration, Political Science, Economics, or a similar field would be a good choice. A Master's degree is often preferred, especially if it's in Public Policy, Political Science or Economics.

As for experience, it can be gained in many ways. You can start with an internship or work as a policy research assistant. Non-profit organizations or research firms are good places to look for experience. Additionally, volunteering or involvement in political campaigns can also provide relevant experience.

Overall, a Policy Analyst position in the Public Sector requires both education and experience. So, with a Bachelor's or Master's degree and experience, you can qualify for this job.

Salary Range

A Policy Analyst in the Public Sector industry can expect a salary range between $43,000 and $116,000 per year in the United States, according to PayScale. The median salary for Policy Analysts in the US is $65,000. However, SalaryExpert reports that the salary range for Policy Analysts in the US is between $51,000 and $96,000.

In Canada, the salary range for a Policy Analyst is between CAD$48,000 and CAD$102,000 per year, with a median of CAD$70,000, according to Glassdoor. In Australia, a Policy Analyst can expect to earn between AUD$50,000 and AUD$125,000 per year, with a median of AUD$77,000, according to PayScale.

Overall, the salary range for a Policy Analyst in the Public Sector industry can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and specific job responsibilities.


  • https://www.payscale.com/
  • https://www.salaryexpert.com/
  • https://www.glassdoor.com/

Career Outlook

Policy analysts are professionals who formulate, evaluate, and implement policies in the public sector. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of policy analysts is projected to grow by 5% from 2019 to 2029, which is faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is due to increased demand for policy-related work in government agencies, nonprofits, and consulting firms.

Policy analysts' focus on evaluating and developing policies that improve society means that they will always be in demand as social and economic issues arise. The current administration's ambitious agenda for public services, climate change, and social justice means that there will be an increasing need for policy analysts.

Furthermore, there is an increasing emphasis on evidence-based policy-making in the public sector. This shift means that policy analysts with strong analytical and data skills will be particularly valuable in the next five years. 

Overall, the career outlook for policy analysts in the public sector is positive, growing faster than average, and likely to remain in high demand over the next five years.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a policy analyst in the public sector do?

A: A policy analyst analyzes and assesses government policies for effectiveness and consistency with laws and regulations. They also provide recommendations for improvement of policies.

Q: What skills are required to become a policy analyst in the public sector?

A: Communication and critical thinking skills, as well as knowledge of public policy and government regulations are key skills for this role. A policy analyst should also possess research and analytical skills.

Q: What educational background is required to become a policy analyst in the public sector?

A: Most policy analyst roles require a Bachelor's degree in political science, public administration, or a related field. Some may also require a Master’s degree in a relevant field.

Q: Do policy analysts work for the government?

A: Yes, policy analysts typically work for government agencies or organizations in the public sector. This includes local, state, and federal government agencies.

Q: Do policy analysts work on their own or as part of a team?

A: Both. Policy analysts may work independently, but they often collaborate with other professionals, such as economists, legal experts, and executives, to develop and implement public policies.

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