Budget Analyst (Government)

Public Sector
Last Updated:
July 19, 2023

Job Description Overview

A Budget Analyst (Government) job description entails analyzing financial data to prepare budgets for government agencies. They ensure that spending is within the limits set by Congress, and that programs are efficient and effective. Budget analysts use formulas, spreadsheets, and databases to analyze data and generate reports. They also develop forecasts and projections for future growth or change. Most importantly, they use their analytical skills to identify potential problems and offer solutions. Budget Analysts work for the government in a variety of positions, including national defense, education, healthcare, and transportation. If you enjoy working with numbers, analyzing data, and making recommendations, a career as a Budget Analyst might be perfect for you. It is a challenging but rewarding job that helps ensure that government funds are spent wisely and efficiently to benefit the public.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

• Gathering and analyzing financial data to produce budget reports and projections 

• Evaluating budget requests to ensure they align with organizational goals and objectives 

• Identifying potential cost savings and areas for increased efficiency 

• Advising management on financial matters, including budgetary constraints and opportunities 

• Creating budget proposals and presenting them to decision-makers for approval 

• Monitoring budget expenditures and adjusting projections as necessary 

• Ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements 

• Collaborating with other departments to ensure budgetary alignment across the organization 

• Communicating budget information to stakeholders and the public in a clear and concise manner.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a Budget Analyst for the government, you usually need a Bachelor's Degree in business, accounting, finance, or a related field. Experience in a related job, like accounting or financial analysis, is also important. Budget Analysts need to be good with numbers and computers, as they will be using financial software and spreadsheets to create and manage budgets. They also need to be able to analyze data and make recommendations to higher-ups. Experience with project management and team leadership is important too, as Budget Analysts are often part of a team that creates budgets for government agencies. Certification in accounting or finance can also help you stand out from other candidates.

Salary Range

Budget Analysts (Government) are responsible for managing financial resources and ensuring that government organizations abide by the prescribed budgetary procedures. According to Salary.com, in the United States, the median annual salary of a Budget Analyst (Government) is $76,443. The base salary ranges from $66,551 to $88,087, with additional benefits such as healthcare and retirement plans.

In Canada, the median salary for a similar position is CAD 67,000, according to Neuvoo. In Australia, the average salary for Budget Analysts (Government) is AUD 94,182 per year, as per Job Outlook.

Factors that may affect a Budget Analyst's salary include experience, location, and education. Advanced degrees in finance or economics may give an advantage in gaining higher-paying positions.


  • Salary.com: https://www.salary.com/research/salary/benchmark/budget-analyst-government-salary
  • Neuvoo Canada: https://neuvoo.ca/salary/?job=Budget+Analyst&location=&k=Budget+Analyst
  • Job Outlook Australia: https://joboutlook.gov.au/Occupation?search=alpha&code=2211

Career Outlook

The career outlook for Budget Analysts in Government is expected to remain stable over the next five years. Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that employment in this field is projected to grow at a rate of 3% from 2019 to 2029, which is about the same as the average for all occupations. 

Due to the need for government agencies to carefully manage their budgets, there will always be a demand for skilled Budget Analysts. With technological advancements and changes in government policies, however, the job may also require additional training and specializations to stay competitive. 

Overall, if you're interested in becoming a Budget Analyst in Government, there are plenty of opportunities available now and in the near future. With dedication and hard work, you can achieve success in this exciting field.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a Budget Analyst (Government) do?

A: A Budget Analyst (Government) analyzes and reviews budget proposals, monitors spending, and provides recommendations to ensure efficient use of resources.

Q: What educational requirements are needed to become a Budget Analyst (Government)?

A: Typically, a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or business administration is required to become a Budget Analyst (Government).

Q: What skills are important for a Budget Analyst (Government)?

A: A Budget Analyst (Government) must possess strong analytical, mathematical, and problem-solving skills. Attention to detail, communication, and critical thinking are additional important skills.

Q: What types of jobs do Budget Analysts (Government) typically work in?

A: Budget Analysts (Government) typically work for local, state, or federal government agencies, including the military, public schools, and police departments.

Q: What is the job outlook for Budget Analysts (Government)?

A: The job outlook for Budget Analysts (Government) is positive, with a projected 3% growth rate over the next decade due to a need for organizations to manage their budgets effectively.

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