Truck Driver

Last Updated:
November 10, 2023

Job Description Overview

The Truck Driver job description involves transporting goods from one place to another. These professionals are an integral part of the transportation industry, responsible for driving large trucks that carry a variety of cargo, including food, consumer goods, and hazardous materials. Their work is essential to the supply chain and keeps the economy moving.

Truck drivers must have a valid commercial driver's license (CDL) and be able to operate their vehicle efficiently and safely. They plan their routes to ensure timely delivery of goods and must adhere to strict regulations governing driving hours, mandatory rest periods, and weight limits.

A typical day in the life of a truck driver involves navigating traffic, checking a vehicle's maintenance, and loading and unloading cargo. They must also communicate with shippers, receivers, and dispatchers to ensure operations run smoothly.

Truck driving is a highly demanding job, requiring long hours and time away from home, but it can also offer independence and a sense of adventure. If you enjoy driving and don't mind the lifestyle, a career as a truck driver may be right for you.

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Job Duties and Responsibilities

  • Transport goods and freight from one location to another using a truck or tractor-trailer.
  • Inspect vehicle before and after each trip to ensure safety and functionality. 
  • Plan the route, breaks, and deliveries to meet customer requirements and deadlines. 
  • Maintain accurate records of mileage, fuel consumption, and delivery details.
  • Comply with all traffic laws and regulations, including hours of service restrictions. 
  • Communicate effectively with dispatchers and other transportation personnel. 
  • Monitor weather and road conditions to adjust driving accordingly. 
  • Manage cargo securement and load distribution to prevent damage or accidents. 
  • Perform routine maintenance and minor repairs on the vehicle or report issues to maintenance staff.

Experience and Education Requirements

To become a truck driver in the transportation industry, a high school diploma or GED is usually required. You'll also need to acquire a commercial driver's license (CDL) from the state where you reside. This license requires a written test and a road test. Additionally, most truck drivers attend a vocational or technical school to learn the basics of driving a commercial vehicle. During this training, they learn about braking, backing up, and defensive driving techniques. Many trucking companies also require a certain amount of experience driving a commercial vehicle, typically 1-2 years, before hiring new drivers. Ultimately, the education and experience required vary by company and the type of trucking involved.

Salary Range

A Truck Driver in the Transportation industry can expect to earn an average annual salary of $44,500 in the United States, according to However, this can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and type of trucking. For example, reports an average salary of $57,000 for Tanker Truck Drivers and $71,000 for Over-the-Road Truck Drivers. In Canada, according to, the average salary for a Truck Driver is $51,000 CAD per year. In Australia, according to, the average salary for a Truck Driver is $62,000 AUD per year. It's important to note that Truck Drivers may also receive bonuses, benefits, and overtime pay depending on their employer. 



Career Outlook

The career outlook for a truck driver in the transportation industry over the next 5 years is expected to grow. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, job opportunities for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers are projected to increase by 2% through 2029. This growth is due to the continued demand for goods and products that require transportation. Additionally, retiring truck drivers will create additional job openings.

In recent years, the trucking industry has faced challenges, such as a shortage of drivers and new regulations. However, the industry has adapted to these challenges, and companies are offering better pay and benefits to attract and retain drivers. The COVID-19 pandemic has also led to an increased demand for truck drivers, as online shopping and home delivery services have become more prevalent.

Overall, the outlook for a truck driving career is positive. While there may be challenges, the industry is expected to continue growing, making it a reliable and potentially lucrative career choice.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: What does a truck driver do?

A: A truck driver transports goods from one location to another using a large commercial truck. They must also load and unload the cargo and follow specific procedures for each shipment.

Q: Do truck drivers work long hours?

A: Yes, truck drivers often work long hours including nights, weekends, and holidays. Federal regulations limit drivers to 11 hours of driving per day and 60 hours per week, but some employers may require more.

Q: What qualifications do you need to become a truck driver?

A: To become a truck driver, you need a commercial driver's license (CDL) and a high school diploma or equivalent. Drivers must also pass a physical exam, drug test, and meet specific age requirements.

Q: What are the physical demands of being a truck driver?

A: Being a truck driver requires sitting for long periods, lifting and carrying heavy loads, and climbing in and out of the truck. Drivers must also be able to navigate through different weather conditions safely.

Q: What is the average salary for a truck driver?

A: The average salary for a truck driver is about $45,000 to $60,000 per year, depending on experience, location, and type of truck driving. Some companies offer bonuses for good driving records or long hauls.

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